The archaeological investigations that were carried out during the restoration of the castle yielded valuable information about the oldest configuration of the fortified complex. The remains of a massive square tower dating back to the twelfth century were discovered near the courtyard of the castle. The tower was originally built on the edge of the Baraggia terrace and surrounded by an enclosure surrounding the other residential buildings. The documents reveal various details about this time. In 1039, Emperor Conrad II confirmed that the site belonged to Guala Casalvolone, a member of a historical family from Novara who was close to royal circles and who gave rise to the lineage of the lords of Buronzo.
In the fourteenth century, the family of the Lords of Buronzo was divided into seven distinct branches, or “colonnellati”, forming the noble consortium.
Between 2006 and 2008, as the crowning achievement of an initiative launched some years prior, the castle became the property of the town of Buronzo , and about one third of the built-up area underwent extensive restoration.
The gate-tower and the fortress: the ancient heart of our castle, built between the fourteenth and fifteenth centuries, and now a place of evocative beauty. Bricks and pebbles carefully laid in a herringbone pattern, ceramic basins of Spanish origin adorn the mullioned windows, and a few touches of lime plaster embellish the warm terracotta tones. These walls witnessed the rise of the lineage of the Lords of Buronzo, and today, with the romantic ruins of the fortress, they remind us of both the sophistication of castle life in the fourteenth century, and the clamour of battles and sieges from the times that were to follow.
The seventeenth century saw the creation of the noble apartment, home to the “Imprese” fresco cycle. The result of scholarship between the sixteenth and seventeenth centuries, the “imprese” (literally, businesses), or emblems, consist of a figurative part (the “body”) and a written part (the ”soul”), the combination of which expresses allegorical meanings in a more or less direct manner. The motto by the radiant sun translates as “the terror of the dishonest.”